LIMITING REACTANT EXERCISES
1) Aluminum reacts with oxygen gas to produce aluminum oxide.
4 Al + 3 O2 2 Al2O3
Sketch 2 containers representing beakers, one on the left and another on the right of an arrow.
Draw 10 atoms of aluminum and 6 molecules of oxygen gas in the container on the left.
In the right container, sketch the contents after the reaction is complete.
(Ar: Al=27; O=16)
- What is the limiting reactant?
- How many atoms or molecules of the excess reactant remain?
2) If a reaction vessel contains 0.15 mol K2O2 and 0.10 mol H2O.
(Ar: K=39; O=16; H=1)
2 K2O2 + 2 H2O 4 KOH + O2
a. Which is the limiting reactant? Ans: H2O
b. Which is the reactant in excess? Ans: K2O2
c. How many grams of KOH will form? Ans:11.2
d. How many Liters of Oxygen gas will be released? Ans: 1.2
4) If 4.95 g of ethylene (C2H4) are combusted with 3.25 g of oxygen.
C2H4 + 3 O2 2 CO2 + 2 H2O
a. What is the limiting reagent? Ans: O2
b. How many grams of CO2 are formed? Ans: 2.99 g CO2
c. How many grams of excess remain in the vessel Ans:4.00g
d. How many mL of water vapor will be released into the air? Ans: 1632 mL